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A Stateless Regime or State with Many Regimes?

On 2 April 2015 at Harvard University's Middle East Institute (MEI), Bassam Haddad presented a lecture in MEI Visiting Scholar Michael C. Hudson's Spring 2015 Study Group "Rethinking the Arab State." In his lecture, Haddad assessed the fluctuating political reality in Syria and how various groups, including Bashar al-Assad's regime, as well as ISIS and the unarmed civilian opposition, organize and govern areas and people under their control. Listen to the full ...

[Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani in Al-Jazeera English Office. Image from screenshot of below video]

Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani Interviewed by Al-Jazeera English on UN Special Envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura

In this interview with Al-Jazeera English Diplomatic Editor James Bays, Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani discusses the failure of the United Nations Special Envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, to make any headway with an initiative to negotiate a ceasefire in Aleppo. Based on ...

[Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani in Al-Jazeera English Office. Image from screenshot of below video]

كتاب "فلاحو سورية": مدخل أساسيّ لفهم نظام الأسد

صدر عن المركز العربي للأبحاث ودراسة السياسات كتاب "فلاحو سورية:أبناءُ وجهائهم الريفيين الأقل شأنًا وسياساتهم" (704 صفحة من القطع الكبير)، للمؤرخ والباحث الراحل حنا بطاطو (1926-2000)، ويعدّ الكتاب مساهمة تحليلية مركزية لطبيعة السلطة السياسية القائمة ...

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Syria Media Roundup (May 25)

This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every ...  Read More »

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Not Much Special in UN Middle East Missions

Of the twenty-two members of the Arab League, no less than nine have been assigned a Special Advisor, Special Coordinator, Special Envoy, or Special Representative by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Their purpose, broadly speaking, is to promote conflict resolution in their respective area of operations. ...  Read More »

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ISIS in the News: Extensive Media Roundup (March-April 2015)

[Editorial Note: This is not a "Best of," only a roundup of significant pieces. See here for an introduction to this roundup series]  English Articles        ISIS Threatens Twitter Founder And Employees Over Blocked Accounts (1 March 2015) David Mack reports ...  Read More »

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Declassified 2012 Defense Intelligence Report on Syrian Uprising, Gulf Intervention, and Potential for al-Qa'ida Gains

The declassifed document below was obtained as part of a document trove secured by the right-wing institution, Judicial Watch. It obtained the report through a May 2014 Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request. The Defense Intelligence Agency authored the report, which dates August 2012. It ...  Read More »

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طائرة الجثامين الصباحية

كل صباح، العاشرة والنصف قبل أن تجد شمس المطار طريقها إليه، تصل الطائرة، صرنا نقول عنها الطائرة، صار الجميع يفهم أي جحيم معدني طائر نعني، صار الجميع يتحدث عنها بخفوت كأنها ذلك المرض الخبيث الذي لا نجرؤ على التلفظ باسمه، نهمسه همساً، نرسمه بأصابع خرقاء، طائرة الجثامين، لا حاجة لتعريف المعرّف أصلا بدم وأرواح ضائعة ...  Read More »

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القفص

عقوباتُ الليلِ للوحيدِ يضمِّدها النهارُ بأوهامٍ شتّى. مُضفياً على العينين الزائغتين من عراكِ الأشباح عُمقَ الحكمةِ الناجية من هاوية، مُقْنِعاً عظامكَ المرتجّةَ بَرداً أنها أعمدةُ بُنيان، لافحاً سمْعَكَ، وقد تَناوَبَ على دكِّه معولانِ عنيدان: دويُّ المدافع وطنينُ البعوض، بحفيفِ سيرتِه الأولى: نافذة تطلُّ ...  Read More »

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عن «يسار النُّصرة» و «يسار النِّظام» وعن اليسار في سوريا

ما الذي يدفع أحداً هذه الأيام إلى الكلام على اليسار في أيّ مكان، فما بالك بالكلام عليه في سوريا؟ ما الذي يدفع أحداً إلى الاهتمام بجماعةٍ هامشية عجوز، لم يتجاوز جمهورها بضعة آلاف من «المتثاقفين» في أيّ يوم من الخمسين عاماً الماضية، وتبدو وخطابها اليوم كأنّها قادمة من كوكبٍ آخر وعصرٍ مغاير؟ ما يدفعني إلى ذلك، الآن ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (May 12)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every ...  Read More »

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مذنّب عابر في فضاء دمشق

شبّهَ الشاعر السويدي توماس ترانسترومر حياته بالمذنّب، وقد حالفنا الحظ في سنة ٢٠٠٥ أن نشاهد هذا المذنّب وهو ينثر قصائده الضوئية في فضاء دمشق، وكان اللقاء حدثاً شعرياً وثقافياً، فقد جاء الشاعر على كرسيه المدولب برفقة زوجته مونيكا وابنته، ومديرة المعهد الثقافي السويدي هيلين سيكلند، ونزل آنذاك في فندق الشيراتون، وكانت ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (May 5)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every ...  Read More »

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Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani Interviewed by Al-Jazeera English on UN Special Envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura

In this interview with Al-Jazeera English Diplomatic Editor James Bays, Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani discusses the failure of the United Nations Special Envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, to make any headway with an initiative to negotiate a ceasefire in Aleppo. Based on his own personal experience with the ...  Read More »

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Bassam Haddad on Syria at Harvard: 'A Stateless Regime or State with Many Regimes?'

On 2 April 2015 at Harvard University's Middle East Institute (MEI), Bassam Haddad presented a lecture in MEI Visiting Scholar Michael C. Hudson's Spring 2015 Study Group "Rethinking the Arab State." In his lecture, Haddad assessed the fluctuating political reality in Syria and how various groups, including ...  Read More »

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (26 April)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to ...  Read More »

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Water Management in Jordan in Response to the Syrian Crisis: Between Neoliberal Pressures and Social Tensions

Since 1948, the Kingdom of Jordan has taken in a considerable number of refugee populations fleeing conflicts in Palestine, Iraq and now Syria. While this brings the country significant international aid, it also raises the question of the capacity of urban public services to handle this new demographic pressure. ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (April 20)

This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every ...  Read More »

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On Developments in Yarmouk: France 24 Interview with Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani

In this interview with France 24, Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani speaks about the situation in the Yarmouk district of Damascus. Yarmouk has historically been the primary center of Palestinian life in Syria, and much of it was recently seized by the Islamic State movement. Rabbani discusses the situation of the ...  Read More »

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O.I.L. Monthly Edition (March 2015)

 [This is a monthly archive of pieces written by Jadaliyya contributors and editors on the Occupations, Interventions, and Law (O.I.L.) Page. It also includes material published on other platforms that editors deemed pertinent to post as they provide diverse depictions of O.I.L.-related topics. The pieces reflect ...  Read More »

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Event--ISIS: Origins and Illusions (14 April, Princeton University)

Princeton Middle East Society invites you to a panel discussion: ISIS: Origins and Illusions Tuesday, April 14, 2015, 4:30 p.m. Computer Science Building (Room 104) Princeton University, Princeton, NJ Co-sponsored by The Mamdouha S. Bobst center for Peace and Justice Distinguished Panelists Chris Hedges: ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (April 13)

This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every ...  Read More »

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (11 April)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (April 6)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every ...  Read More »

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New Texts Out Now: Noura Erakat, Palestinian Refugees and the Syrian Uprising

Noura Erakat, “Palestinian Refugees and the Syrian Uprising: Filling the Protection Gap During Secondary Forced Displacement.” Oxford International Journal of Refugee Law 26.4 (2014). [Full text available online until June 2015.] Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this article? Noura Erakat (NE): I began to write ...  Read More »

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Quick Thoughts on Syria's Humanitarian Crisis: A STATUS/الوضع Conversation with Omar Dahi

As the war in Syria rages on, and with attention turning towards ISIS, the humanitarian crisis in the country has been relegated to the sidelines. In this Quick Thoughts interview for Status (conducted in late-February 2015), Omar Dahi brings it back to the forefront by highlighting the extent and locations ...  Read More »

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Four Years On: No Easy Answers in Syria (Part II)

[See Part I here. Parts II and III are combined below] The Irony of Calamity There are no easy answers in Syria. Though undramatic, this is not how most seem to approach the Syrian tragedy in practice. What follows is not a recipe for an answer as much as it is a reminder against repeating the same mistakes if/when ...  Read More »

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ISIS in the News: Extensive Media Roundup (January-February 2015)

[Editorial Note: This is not a "Best of," only a roundup of significant pieces. See here for an introduction to this roundup series]    English Articles        2014: The Year ISIS Won the Propaganda Battle (31 December 2014) Markham Nolan writes about the ...  Read More »

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In Need of Aid but Hungry for Peace

I am in the Yarmouk refugee camp, Damascus, during an aid delivery. A man approaches me and utters three words, “I am hungry”. The sunken eyes in his face are equally eloquent.  His fragile frame expresses volumes. He speaks for a people brutalized, a people sick of war. He is a living symbol of the world’s ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (March 23)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every ...  Read More »

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Four Years On: No Easy Answers in Syria (Part 1)

[See Part II here] After four years of killing and mayhem, the truth remains that there are no easy answers in Syria. What might appear to be natural liberal solutions are not only lacking in realism, but are also embedded in half-baked world views about freedom, justice, development, international relations, and ...  Read More »

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Conference--Syria: Moving Beyond the Stalemate (1-3 July, St. Andrews)

The Syrian Studies Centre at University of St. Andrews presents its third biennial conference: Syria: Moving Beyond the Stalemate 1-3 July 2015 The international conference will bring together in one place the largest and most diverse concentration of scholars of Syria. It will feature papers by some 25 based on ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (March 16)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every ...  Read More »

Syrian Population Regression

Population: ~ 22.5 Million

2011:  5,800+ (killed)

2012:  60,000+ (killed) and 500,000+ (external refugees)

2013:  100,000+ (killed), 2,000,000+ (external refugees), and 8 million+ displaced

 

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Syria Map and Stats

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Population: 22,517,750
GDP: $107.4 billion 
Unemployment: 8.3%; Youth Employment (ages 15-24): 19.1%
Internet Users: 4.469 million 
Exchange Rate: ~ 98.00 Syrian pounds per US dollar
GDP Growth Rate: 3.2% 
Military Expenditures: 5.9% of GDP (World Rank: 10)
Health Expenditures: 2.9% of GDP (World Rank: 180)
Population Growth Rate: 0.913% 
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 35.2%; 15-64 years: 61%; 65 years and over: 3.8%
Literacy: 79.6%
Religious Demographics: Sunni Muslim 74%; other Muslim (includes Alawite, Druze) 16%; Christian (various denominations) 10%
Ethnic Demographics: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%

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