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Civilians Paying the Price for “War on Terror” in Mosul-A STATUS/الوضع Interview with Loulouwa Al-Rachid

In this interview for STATUS/الوضع, host Shahram Aghamir speaks with Loulouwa Al-Rachid on the military operation in Mosul, its effects, and it's consequences for Iraq. Find out more in this interview.

Shahram Aghamir is a well-known political commentator on issues related to the Middle East for public and alternative media.

Loulouwa Al-Rachid is a post-doctoral researcher at the European Research Council Wafaw (When Authoritarianism Fails in the Arab World) and an associate researcher (PhD) in the Center for International Research (CERI) at SciencesPo Paris. Her research focuses on Iraq and Baathist authoritarianism. She defended a PhD thesis in political sciences in 2010, entitled: L’Irak de l’embargo à l’occupation : dépérissement d’un ordre politique (1990-2003). Besides her research activity, she also conducts missions in coordination with some think tanks; she was notably the main analyst on Iraq for the International Crisis Group (2001-2006 & 2009-2011). 

Syrian Population Regression

Population: ~ 17,583,863 (2017 est.)

2011:  5,800+ (killed)

2012:  60,000+ (killed) and 500,000+ (external refugees), 3+ million (internally displaced)

2013:  100,000+ (killed), 2,000,000+ (external refugees), and 8 million+ (internally displaced)

2014: 200,000+ (killed), 3.5+ million (external refugees), 7.6+ million (internally displaced)

2015: 250,000+ (killed), 4.4 million (external refugees), 6.6+ million (internally displaced)

2016: 400,000+ (killed), 4.9+ million (external refugees), 6.3+ million (internally displaced)

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Syria Map and Stats

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Population: 17,185,170 (July 2016 est.)
GDP: $24.6 billion (2014 est.); $50.28 billion purchasing power parity (2015 est.)
Unemployment: 50% (2016 est.); Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): total: 35.8% (male: 26.6%; female: 71.1% [2011 est.])
Internet Users: 5.116 million - 30%/pop. (July 2015 est.)
Exchange Rate: ~ 497.8 Syrian pounds per US dollar (2016 est.)
GDP Growth Rate: -9.9% (2015 est.)
Military Expenditures: 5.9% of GDP (World Rank: 10) (2011 est.)
Health Expenditures: 2.9% of GDP (World Rank: 180) (2011 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 1.56% (2016 est.)
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 31.95% (male 2,815,140/female 2,675,166); 15-24 years: 19.65% (male 1,711,847/female 1,664,814); 25-54 years: 39.03% (male 3,342,264/female 3,364,406); 55-64 years: 5.26% (male 447,205/female 457,525); 65 years and over: 4.11% (male 318,691/female 388,112) (2016 est.)
Literacy: 86.4% (male: 91.7%; female: 81% [2015 est.])
Religious Demographics: Sunni Muslim 74%; other Muslim (includes Alawite, Druze) 16%; Christian (various denominations) 10%
Ethnic Demographics: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%