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Egypt Media Roundup (September 10)

[Anti-Morsi protestors in downtown Cairo on August 31st. Image originally posted to Flickr by Gigi Ibrahim.] [Anti-Morsi protestors in downtown Cairo on August 31st. Image originally posted to Flickr by Gigi Ibrahim.]

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Egypt and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Egypt Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to by Sunday night of every week.]  

“Top police generals acquitted of January 25 Revolution killings”
Court cites lack of material evidence as a reason for the acquittal.

“Morsy appoints ten new governors”
The President continues the Mubarak-era practice of appointing governors and choosing Muslim Brotherhood members and military officials for the positions.

“Morsy’s new governors expected to entrench Brotherhood authority”
Keeping Mubarak-era laws on local governance allows the Muslim Brotherhood to appoint people loyal to the organization in the local administration.

“Three Types of Non-Transformative “Change””
Sarah El-Sirgany argues that the recent reforms adopted by the government, including the appointment of new editors-in-chief in state media and new governors, do not constitute transformative change.

“The revolution and the brothers”
Khaled Safey El Din says the Muslim Brotherhood does not subscribe to the revolutionary project.

“An emerging constitution”
Heba Fahmy explores the main controversial issues in the constitution drafting process.

“Some of Egypt’s Women Still Await Their Own Revolution”
A translation of the article by prominent Egyptian feminist Nawal Al-Saadawi on the lack of progress in Egypt on women’s rights issues.

“Egypt and Iran: it’s complicated”
Amro Ali comments on the attempt of the Iranian Republic to normalize relations with Egypt.

“Freedom and Reform at Egypt's Universities”
Ursula Lindsey says Egyptian universities need to be given control over their budgets and reconsider free education for all.

“A Vote of Confidence for the Presidency”
Heba Abou Shnief discusses the issue of what form the government in Egypt should take in the new constitution.

“Drugs and thugs in the New Egypt”
Drug use in Egypt spikes after the revolution.

“13 still detained after Tuesday's Syrian embassy clashes, journalist released”
Eighty-five people were injured after protesters tried to break into the Syrian embassy.

“FJP head: Brotherhood does not interfere in president's affairs”
Essam El-Arian says the Brotherhood is separate from the Freedom and Justice Party and does not influence the decisions of the president.

“Family Life According to the Brotherhood”
The conservative views of the Muslim Brotherhood towards women constrain her role in society to being a wife and a mother.

“Alcohol laws: leaving Egyptians high and dry”
While Islamists have sought to reassure the tourist business that alcohol will not be banned, the same might not hold true for Egyptians consuming the “forbidden” drink.

“Interview: Abul-Fotouh plans for an 'evolved Islamist current'”
Abd El-Moneim Abou El-Fotouh says he will not rejoin the Muslim Brotherhood and criticizes the president for his lack of independence from the group.

“Op-ed: The flawed world of ‘eib’”
Reham Barakat explores the use of the Arabic word for shame and its effects on the Egyptian society, touching on important issues like sexual harassment.


In Arabic:

“هل لعنة الله على الثورة وعلى الديمقراطية؟”
Moataz Bellah Abdel-Fattah responds to those who reject the revolution and democracy.

“سويسرا تجمد أموال 17 شخصية جديدة من رموز مبارك على رأسهم نظيف وعبيد”
Switzerland freezes assets of 17 Mubarak-era figures, including Ahmed Nazif, former PM and businessman Hussein Sallam.

“دولة رجال الاعمال”
Ibrahim Al-Hodeiby says that state decisions during Mubarak’s regime were taken in favor of businessmen and this trend continues until today.

“"قنديل" يكلف الوزراء بفتح ملفات المستشارين لاستبعاد غير المتخصصين”
PM Qandil begins reform in the ministries, starting with dismissing unneeded “advisers.”

“مصدر مسؤول: الجيش يضع خطة لنقل المهام الأمنية في سيناء إلى الشرطة”
The police will take over the security of North Sinai from the army as it withdraws from the peninsula.

“حركات المعلمين تنصب أول خيمة أمام "التعليم" تمهيداً لمظاهرات غداً”
Teachers begin strike demanding higher salaries.

«”قنديل»: الانتهاء من كتابة الدستور في سبتمبر.. والاستفتاء عليه نهاية أكتوبر”
The Prime Minister announces that the constitution will be finished by the end of this month and the referendum scheduled for the end of October.


Recent Jadaliyya articles on Egypt:

What is to be Done: The Website as an Organizer #RevSoc
Hossam El-Hamalawy presents the new website of the Revolutionary Socialists.

التحضّر والانتفاضات العربية: وسط القاهرة وسقوط مبارك
Deen Sharp says it is important to consider the urban framework of the Arab Uprising when trying to explain it.

Beware of Small Cities
Deen Sharp talks about the importance of studying small cities to understand the Arab Uprising.

E-Militias of the Muslim Brotherhood: How to Upload Ideology on Facebook
Linda Herrera and Mark Lotfy argue that the Muslim Brotherhood has infiltrated social media and it is using it to further its goals.

Amal Kenawy (1974-2012)
Remembering Egyptian artist Amal Kenawy and her work.

دليل المعترض على حجج المقترض
Wael Gamal criticizes the justifications the government has offered for requesting billions of dollars from the IMF.

Syrian Population Regression

Population: ~ 17,583,863 (2017 est.)

2011:  5,800+ (killed)

2012:  60,000+ (killed) and 500,000+ (external refugees), 3+ million (internally displaced)

2013:  100,000+ (killed), 2,000,000+ (external refugees), and 8 million+ (internally displaced)

2014: 200,000+ (killed), 3.5+ million (external refugees), 7.6+ million (internally displaced)

2015: 250,000+ (killed), 4.4 million (external refugees), 6.6+ million (internally displaced)

2016: 400,000+ (killed), 4.9+ million (external refugees), 6.3+ million (internally displaced)


Syria Map and Stats

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Population: 17,185,170 (July 2016 est.)
GDP: $24.6 billion (2014 est.); $50.28 billion purchasing power parity (2015 est.)
Unemployment: 50% (2016 est.); Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): total: 35.8% (male: 26.6%; female: 71.1% [2011 est.])
Internet Users: 5.116 million - 30%/pop. (July 2015 est.)
Exchange Rate: ~ 497.8 Syrian pounds per US dollar (2016 est.)
GDP Growth Rate: -9.9% (2015 est.)
Military Expenditures: 5.9% of GDP (World Rank: 10) (2011 est.)
Health Expenditures: 2.9% of GDP (World Rank: 180) (2011 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 1.56% (2016 est.)
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 31.95% (male 2,815,140/female 2,675,166); 15-24 years: 19.65% (male 1,711,847/female 1,664,814); 25-54 years: 39.03% (male 3,342,264/female 3,364,406); 55-64 years: 5.26% (male 447,205/female 457,525); 65 years and over: 4.11% (male 318,691/female 388,112) (2016 est.)
Literacy: 86.4% (male: 91.7%; female: 81% [2015 est.])
Religious Demographics: Sunni Muslim 74%; other Muslim (includes Alawite, Druze) 16%; Christian (various denominations) 10%
Ethnic Demographics: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%