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Three Poems by Ahmad Shamlou

Three Poems Ahmad Shamlou (1925-2000) Translated from the Persian by Sheida Dayani   The Secret A secret was with me; I told the mountain. A secret was with me; I told the well.   On the lengthy path, Alone and lonesome, I told the black horse I told the stones…   With my old ...  Read More »

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (16 April)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to ...  Read More »

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Les visages urbains d'un autre Téhéran. Perspectives comparatives sur la mégapole iranienne.

Livre recensé: Mina Saïdi-Sharouz (dir.), Le Téhéran des quartiers populaires. Transformation urbaine et société civile en République Islamique, (Paris: Karthala/IFRI, 2013). Réjouissons-nous de la parution de cet ouvrage. En effet, elle marque le renouveau des études francophones sur la capitale iranienne et des ...  Read More »

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Announcing the Third Issue of B|Ta'arof Magazine: An Iranian Cultural Arts Publication

The third issue of B|ta’arof magazine, the Street Culture Issue, brings together popular and high art, searching for the extraordinary in the everyday. Its pages feature previously unseen work by Iranian visual art giant Ardeshir Mohasses and up-and-coming L.A. based artist Samira Yamin, interviews with scholar/writer ...  Read More »

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A Fashionable Revolution: Veiling, Morality, and Consumer Culture in Iran

There has been a flurry of commentary recently that claims something of a “silent revolution” is underway in Iran today. It is supposedly a revolution against — or, at the very least, a flagrant disregard for — government prescriptions for public decency. It is situated on the surfaces of women’s bodies and assumes ...  Read More »

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Foucault, Fanon, Intellectuals, Revolutions

[This article is the final in a three-part Jadaliyya series that looks at Foucault's work in relationship to the legacy of French colonialism in North Africa. Read the first and second installments here: "The Dangers of Liberalism: Foucault and Postcoloniality in France" by Diren ...  Read More »

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New Texts Out Now: Niki Akhavan, Electronic Iran: The Cultural Politics of an Online Evolution

Niki Akhavan, Electronic Iran: The Cultural Politics of an Online Evolution. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2013. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Niki Akhavan (NA): As an early and eager participant on the Iranian Internet, I was both excited and disturbed about the kinds of content and ...  Read More »

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Between Convenient Misreading and Mythology: The Iran Sanctions Regime and the Institutionalization of War

After eight years of Ahmadinejad at the helm of government, Iran is experiencing a new trajectory. A number of promising signs in the weeks and months following Hassan Rouhani’s election as president on 14 June 2013 have given rise to a sense of cautious optimism for change and reform in Iran. Such signs ...  Read More »

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GCHR Annual Report 2014: Rising Human Rights Challenges in the Gulf Region and Beyond

[The following report was published by the Gulf Center for Human Rights on 1 March 2014] Rising Human Rights Challenges in the Gulf Region and Beyond: Annual Report of the Gulf Center for Human Rights 2014 Executive Summary This is the second annual report of the Gulf Center for Human Rights (GCHR).  GCHR ...  Read More »

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Open Letter from NYC Iranians to Mayor de Blasio: When You Stand by AIPAC, You Do Not Stand by Us

[The following open letter was issued by a group of Iranians and Iranian-Americans living in New York City. It was first published on Mondoweiss on 12 March 2014] Open Letter from NYC Iranians to Mayor de Blasio: When You Stand by AIPAC, You Do Not Stand by Us Dear Mayor Bill de Blasio, We are a group of ...  Read More »

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Committee to Protect Journalists: Second Worst Year on Record for Jailed Journalists

 [The following briefing was written by Elana Beiser and published by the Committee to Protect Journalists on 18 December 2013] Turkey, Iran, and China accounted for more than half of all journalists imprisoned around the world in 2013, the Committee to Protect Journalists has found. In its annual census, CPJ ...  Read More »

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New Texts Out Now: Kamran Matin, Recasting Iranian Modernity: International Relations and Social Change

Kamran Matin, Recasting Iranian Modernity: International Relations and Social Change. London and New York: Routledge, 2013. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Kamran Matin (KM): My main motivation in writing this book came from my dissatisfaction with existing accounts of the Iranian Revolution. Previous ...  Read More »

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The Present Flies, the Past Remains

Le passé [The Past], directed by Asghar Farhadi. France/Italy, 2013. In an interview given last year, Asghar Farhadi, the Iranian filmmaker best known for his Oscar-winning film, A Separation (2011), discussed the influence of theater on his work: “What I tried to take from theater to cinema is that every viewer sees ...  Read More »

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In Iran, Global Social Action to End Violence Against Women Takes on Local Forms

Iranians have joined the One Billion Rising global campaign to end violence against women. The global campaign, now in its second year, calls on supporters in different countries to gather publicly on 14 February 2014, and collectively dance for justice for women. Since strict prohibitions in Iran on public assemblies ...  Read More »

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Persian Translation of 'Fugitive Markets and Arrested Mobilities: Gaziantep’s Iranian Bazaar'

 بازار ایرانیان قازیانتب: بازارهای قاچاق و تحرکات متوقفشده با وجود مذاکرات جاری بین ایران و گروه 1+5 بر سر برنامۀ هستهای ایران و تحریمهای فلجکنندهای که بر این کشور و شهروندانش تحمیل شده، ساز و کار محرم فارغ از این تحولات و با تمام قوا در تهران به پیش میرود. حتی در میدان کاج محلۀ سعادتآباد تهران در حاشیۀ شمالی ...  Read More »

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Understanding Gender Politics in Modern Iran

By Alex Shams The 1979 Iranian Revolution dramatically changed how Iranians thought about their lives and country in every single way. Never before in modern history had a popular revolution led to the establishment of an Islamic Republic, and for the most part neither Iranians nor foreigners had any idea what to ...  Read More »

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Conference: Contested Space and Urban Identities in Beirut, Cairo, and Tehran (Beirut, 12-14 December 2013)

Divercities aims to look at urban governance, its agents, agendas and options, through contested space and conflicting urban concepts, identity claims and social environments. Situated at the core of social and political fractions, contested spaces reveal insights into the dynamics of diverse societies and urban ...  Read More »

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (December 3)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by ...  Read More »

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India's Iran Policy: Between US Primacy and Regionalism

Abstract Standing at a press conference with Turkmenistan’s Deputy Prime Minister Rashid Meredov on January 22, 2013, India’s President Pranab Mukherjee committed India once more to a natural gas pipeline to run from Central Asia to South Asia. “India is deficient in energy resources,” said the President, “whereas ...  Read More »

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Fugitive Markets and Arrested Mobilities: Gaziantep’s Iranian Bazaar

Under the auspices of ongoing negotiations between the Iranian state and the P5+1 over the former’s nuclear program and the crippling economic sanctions unleashed by the latter on Iran and its citizens, Moharram proceedings are nonetheless underway full-force in Tehran. Even in Meydoone-e Kajj of Tehran’s Saadat Abad, ...  Read More »

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Weaving Ethical Concerns and Aesthetic Aspirations: Fatwas and Nose Jobs in Iran

Iran has recently been labeled the nose job capital of the world; a fact that comes as a surprise to those who get caught up on the Islamic Republic’s strict and serious image. As opposed to what one might imagine, no sort of governmental or Islamic legal permission is required to access cosmetic surgery services ...  Read More »

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (30 October)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention, and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to OIL@jadaliyya.com ...  Read More »

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Revolutionary Memory: Bahman Ghobadi’s Rhino Season and Mohammadreza Farzad’s Falgoosh

Fasl-e Karkadan [Rhino Season]. Directed by Bahman Ghobadi. Iraq/Turkey, 2012. Falgoosh. Directed by Mohammadreza Farzad. Iran, 2012. Post-revolutionary nations, in particular those with strong state-sponsored cultural organs, very frequently have done much to advance the commemoration of revolutionary moments ...  Read More »

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The Discourse of Terror: An Interview with Judith Butler

[The following text is an extract from Cihan Aksan and Jon Bailes’ recent book Weapon of the Strong: Conversations on US State Terrorism (Pluto, 2012), also featuring Noam Chomsky, Richard Falk, Edward S. Herman, Norman Finkelstein, and others.  Click here for more details.] To what extent, in your ...  Read More »

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The Irony of Rights: Healthcare for Queer and Transgender Refugee Applicants in Turkey

The crowd in front of the police station is chatting in clusters in the brutal summer heat. Refugee applicants occasionally stop their conversation to say hello to friends and acquaintances who arrive on foot or on bicycles. It is Wednesday, the signature day (rooz-e emzaa) in Kayseri; a weekly ritual in every ...  Read More »

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Oil Nationaliazation and the 1953 Coup in Iran: A Conversation with Ervand Abrahamian

In August 1953, the U.S. and British governments overthrew the popular government of prime minister Mohammad Mossadegh and paved the way for the autocratic rule of Mohamad Reza Shah Pahlavi. In his latest book, The Coup: 1953, the CIA, and the Roots of Modern U.S.-Iranian Relations, Distinguished Professor of Iranian ...  Read More »

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New Texts Out Now: Christiane Gruber and Sune Haugbolle, Visual Culture in the Modern Middle East

Christiane Gruber and Sune Haugbolle, editors, Visual Culture in the Modern Middle East: Rhetoric of the Image. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2013. Jadaliyya (J): What made you put together this collection? Christiane Gruber and Sune Haugbolle (CG & SH): When we first met at a memory studies workshop ...  Read More »

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Shaking Up Expectations: The Boundless New Horizons of Iranian American Literature

Tremors: New Fiction by Iranian American Writers. Edited by Anita Amirrezvani and Persis Karim. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 2013. Iranian American literature has been caught in a representational bind, one that is overdetermined by the fraught relationship between Iran and the United States. Is it the ...  Read More »

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (13 August)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention, and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to OIL@jadaliyya.com ...  Read More »

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Marriage Contracts and the Mashhadi Jewish Community: Art as a Second Identity in the Nineteenth Century

During Iran’s Qajar period (l785-1925), when wedding memories were ephemeral—specialized photographers or videographers were not available quite yet—artifacts like the marriage contract became the material substance through which sacred unions were validated and remembered. These inherently practical documents were ...  Read More »

Syrian Population Regression

Population: ~ 22.5 Million

2011:  5,800+ (killed)

2012:  60,000+ (killed) and 500,000+ (external refugees)

2013:  100,000+ (killed), 2,000,000+ (external refugees), and 8 million+ displaced

 

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Syria Map and Stats

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Population: 22,517,750
GDP: $107.4 billion 
Unemployment: 8.3%; Youth Employment (ages 15-24): 19.1%
Internet Users: 4.469 million 
Exchange Rate: ~ 98.00 Syrian pounds per US dollar
GDP Growth Rate: 3.2% 
Military Expenditures: 5.9% of GDP (World Rank: 10)
Health Expenditures: 2.9% of GDP (World Rank: 180)
Population Growth Rate: 0.913% 
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 35.2%; 15-64 years: 61%; 65 years and over: 3.8%
Literacy: 79.6%
Religious Demographics: Sunni Muslim 74%; other Muslim (includes Alawite, Druze) 16%; Christian (various denominations) 10%
Ethnic Demographics: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%

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