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On Dead and Living Characters

Maha George is a young Iraqi Christian woman from Baghdad in her early twenties. I came to know Maha and her family quite well three and a half years ago. She was studying medicine in Baghdad at the time, but had no plans for staying in Iraq. She, like so many, no longer believed that Iraq was her country and ...  Read More »

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (24 August)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to ...  Read More »

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منام الطفل السنجاريّ

منام الطفل السنجاري* هو الذي رأى كل شيء. هو الذي رأى، قبل أن ينام، جدّته تتضرّع إلى الله بيديها وشفتيها المشقّقتين. ولم يفهم لماذا لم يستجب ذاك الذي في الأعالي. هل تبخّرت الكلمات في طريقها إلى الأذن الإلهية؟ هل كان على جدّته أن تتضرّع بصوت أعلى؟ هل. . . ؟ هو الذي رأى كلّ شيء. هو الذي رأى، طيراً سماويّاً يأتي من كبد ...  Read More »

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Gauging the July-August 2014 Gaza War

The July-August 2014 Gaza war has not thus far initiated regional and international action to address the root causes of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, nor to end the inhumane blockade that has been imposed on Gaza. Israel is keen to separate “humanitarian” issues from political ones, and is trying to play on the ...  Read More »

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Enhancing Municipal Capacities in Lebanon

The Civil Society Knowledge Center (CSKC) of Lebanon Support featured last month a paper by Marwa Boustani discussing the potential role of Lebanese municipalities and unions of municipalities in addressing needs generated by the Syrian refugee crisis. The author advocates the strengthening of their capacities through ...  Read More »

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New Report: Housing, Land and Property Issues in Lebanon

The UNHCR and UN-Habitat have recently launched a new report assessing the Syrian refugee crisis in Lebanon by studying issues of housing, land and property. Entitled Housing, Land and Property Issues in Lebanon: Implications of the Syrian Refugee Crisis, the report is authored by lawyers Nizar Saghieh and Karim ...  Read More »

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Sahrawi Realities: The Remembrance of Gdeim Izik (Part 2)

[This is the second article in a two-part series that seeks to reflect on the ways in which social mobilization, creation of space, and new modes of resistance intersect within the Sahrawi community. Between these grooves are nuanced conceptions of Sahrawi identity that are colored by varied experiences but also ...  Read More »

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Ismail Shammout: A Profile from the Archives

[”A Profile from the Archives“ is a series published by Jadaliyya in both Arabic and English in cooperation with the Lebanese newspaper, Assafir. These profiles will feature iconic figures who left indelible marks in the politics and culture of the Middle East and North Africa. This profile was originally ...  Read More »

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Boom: A Photo Essay

When I visited Shatila last week two topics dominated conversation: the carnage in Gaza and the deleterious effects of the construction boom underway in the camp. I’ll take them in turn, though Shatilans usually don’t; for them, each topic seems the underbelly of the other. Building in Shatila has long been ...  Read More »

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Isolating Gaza

The restriction of Palestinian movement in Gaza and elsewhere has long been a central tactic of the Israeli occupation. During the latest Israeli assault on Gaza considerable media coverage has been given to the Israeli tactic of calling people a few minutes before their homes are bombed. Some observers appear to ...  Read More »

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On the Margins Roundup (June)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each ...  Read More »

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Sub-Saharan Migrants’ Quest for Hope and Other Dangerous Pursuits

[This article is the fourth in a Jadaliyya series that addresses the present sociopolitical landscape of migration in Morocco. Read the previous installments in the series by Sébastien Bachelet: "Cynical and Macabre 'Politics of Migration' at Morocco’s Borders;" by Anna Jacobs: "Creation ...  Read More »

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Quick Thoughts: Khalil Shaheen on Palestinian Reconciliation and the New Palestinian Authority Government

[On 23 April 2014 representatives of the rival Palestinian movements Fatah and Hamas signed the Beach Camp Agreement, named after the Gaza Strip refugee camp where it was concluded. In order to assess the latest agreement meant to end the schism in the Palestinian political system, Jadaliyya turned to leading ...  Read More »

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Counting Votes in Egypt and Practicing Return in Palestine: Interviews with Hossam El-Hamalawy and Samera Esmeir

Despite massive pro-military media propaganda in Egypt, and threats of large fines against those who did not vote, the election commission had to extend the voting for a third day in an attempt to draw more people to polling booths. As predicted, ex-army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi was declared president of Egypt ...  Read More »

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Revolution and Return: Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon and the End of Politics

Diana Allan, Refugees of the Revolution: Experiences of Palestinian Exile. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2013.   For some reason while reading Diana Allan’s wonderful new book, Refugees of the Revolution, I had the idea that its title was Ghosts of the Revolution. I am not sure why. It may be because ...  Read More »

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Sahrawi Realities: Space, Architecture, and Mobility of Displacement (Part 1)

[This is the first of a series of articles that seek to reflect on the ways in which social mobilization, creation of space, and new modes of resistance intersect within the Sahrawi community. Between these grooves are nuanced conceptions of Sahrawi identity that are colored by varied experiences but a shared memory ...  Read More »

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Subaltern Is Not Voiceless – They Sing: Learning from Migrants’ Cultural Production

[This article is the third in a Jadaliyya series that addresses the present sociopolitical landscape of migration in Morocco. Read the previous installments in the series by Sébastien Bachelet: "Cynical and Macabre 'Politics of Migration' at Morocco’s Borders." and by Anna Jacobs: "Creation ...  Read More »

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4th Annual UC Davis Spring Human Rights Initiative Symposium (9-10 May)

 4th Annual UC Davis Spring Human Rights Initiative Symposium  This year's symposium is being held in conjunction with the meeting of the UC Humanities Institute-supported UC Human Rights Collaboration, which brings together 21 faculty and graduate students from the majority of the UC system's campuses. The ...  Read More »

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Arsal Struggles to Deal with the Syrian Refugee Overflow

In early April 2014, the UN High Commission of Refugees (UNHCR) claimed that the number of Syrian refugees registered in Lebanon passed one million, amounting to a quarter of the host country's resident population. The UNHCR in Lebanon registers at least 2,500 new Syrian refugees every day. Hosting the highest per ...  Read More »

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The Everyday Experience of Humanitarianism in Akkar Villages (Part Two)

Approaches to Program Implementation as Seen by People: Emerging Rifts between the Beneficiaries and the Providers About the People “Ethnicization” of needs and services is the approach according to which beneficiaries need to fit into specific categories in order to qualify for services and goods. In this sense, ...  Read More »

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ICAHD Finland Interviews Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani

The following interview was conducted with Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani by the Finland chapter of the Israeli Committee Against Home Demolitions on 2 February 2014. In the interview, Rabbani discusses a range of issues including the impact of the Arab uprisings on Palestine, the 2012 UN campaign, the current ...  Read More »

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غزة والبحر

[ هذا المقال جزء من ”أصوات من أجل غزة" وهو ملف خاص تنشره جدلية على مدار شهر كامل. للإطلاع على بقية المقالات اضغط/ي هنا] يتساوى فلسطينيو غزة أمام جرائم الاحتلال وسطوته على أرواحهم وممتلاكتهم ومكنونات هويتهم، إلا أنهم يختلفون في انتماءاتهم السياسية وخلفياتهم الاجتماعية وتباين أصولهم بين فلاحين وبدو ...  Read More »

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On the Struggle of Syrian Refugees in Lebanon

Spring has just landed in Lebanon. Its warmth and colors soothing the dried winter skin of the vast majority of Syrian refugees who resisted icy temperatures and freezing to death underneath thin canvas tents. Lebanon is now home to approximately one million Syrians, displaced from their war-ravaged cities and towns ...  Read More »

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The Anbar Crisis: Inadequate Response to Increasing Needs

[The following press release was issued by the Danish Refugee Council on 12 March 2014] The violence in Iraq's western province of Anbar has displaced more than 340,000 individuals since late December; mostly women, children and elderly people. The Danish Refugee Council calls for humanitarian support from the ...  Read More »

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Reconfiguring Relief Mechanisms: The Syrian Refugee Crisis in Lebanon

The Issam Faris Institute (IFI) at the American University of Beirut (AUB) has released a report, authored by Rabih Shibli, the associate director for Development and Community Projects at AUB’s Center for Civic Engagement and Community Service. The report investigates the impacts of the Syrian refugee crisis in ...  Read More »

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Asylum and the Right to the City: Lessons from Turkey’s Syrian Guests and Other Urban Refugees

The mass movement of Syrians fleeing civil war to neighboring countries has become called the “Syrian refugee crisis.” The sheer volume of refugees brings up questions not only regarding these countries’ financial means and organizational capabilities but also, more importantly, regarding national identity and ...  Read More »

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Return Unifies Us: Global Day Of Action For And By Palestinian Refugees

 25 March, 2014 On Saturday 22 March, Palestinians held a day of activities in Syria’s devastated Yarmouk refugee camp. In what has now become a rare occurrence for the besieged camp, concerts took place and music was played, organized by the Damascene School, in cooperation with Yarmouk Youth Group, ...  Read More »

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The Next Round in Gaza

[The following report was issued by the International Crisis Group (ICG) on 25 March 2014.] The Next Round in Gaza Overview   The ceasefire between Israel and Gaza has eroded during the past several months and recently threatened to come to an abrupt end. The day after three members of Islamic ...  Read More »

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Squeezing the Life out of Yarmouk: War Crimes Against Besieged Civilians

[The following report was published by Amnesty International on 10 March 2014] Introduction Three years after popular pro-reform then anti-government protests drew a brutal response from the Syrian authorities, leading to the internal armed conflict that continues to rage, around a quarter of a million civilians are ...  Read More »

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (21 March)

[This is a monthly archive of pieces written by Jadaliyya contributors and editors on the Occupations, Interventions,and Law (O.I.L.) Page. It also includes material published on other platforms that editors deemed pertinent to post as they provide diverse depictions of O.I.L.-related topics. The pieces reflect the ...  Read More »

Syrian Population Regression

Population: ~ 22.5 Million

2011:  5,800+ (killed)

2012:  60,000+ (killed) and 500,000+ (external refugees)

2013:  100,000+ (killed), 2,000,000+ (external refugees), and 8 million+ displaced

 

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Syria Map and Stats

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Population: 22,517,750
GDP: $107.4 billion 
Unemployment: 8.3%; Youth Employment (ages 15-24): 19.1%
Internet Users: 4.469 million 
Exchange Rate: ~ 98.00 Syrian pounds per US dollar
GDP Growth Rate: 3.2% 
Military Expenditures: 5.9% of GDP (World Rank: 10)
Health Expenditures: 2.9% of GDP (World Rank: 180)
Population Growth Rate: 0.913% 
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 35.2%; 15-64 years: 61%; 65 years and over: 3.8%
Literacy: 79.6%
Religious Demographics: Sunni Muslim 74%; other Muslim (includes Alawite, Druze) 16%; Christian (various denominations) 10%
Ethnic Demographics: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%

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