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Quick Thoughts on Sanctions and Elite Factionalization in Syria: A STATUS/الوضع Conversation with Samer Abboud

In this Quick Thoughts conversation for Status/الوضع, Samer Abboud outlines the impact of sanctions on the rise of social actors in Syria who facilitate transactions as intermediaries and assist in providing access to parts of the country afflicted with conflict. As producers and distributors, ...  Read More »

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Turkey in Times of War

The Justice and Development Party (AKP), ruling Turkey as the sole party since 2002, finds itself in a deep and longstanding crisis of hegemony. The first blow it suffered from below was the June Uprising in 2013. Ever since, the AKP and first Prime Minister then President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who de facto owns the ...  Read More »

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Cemile Cagirga: A Girl is Freezing Under State Fire

Cemile Çağırga: A Girl is Freezing Under State Fire “As a child born in the southeast, after the ‘90s, you’re not really a kid. During your infancy, you’re really a child between 1-5 years old. As a 6-year old, you’ve actually grown up and are considered to be 15 years old. When you turn 10, you’re actually 20. After ...  Read More »

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (September 15)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to by ...  Read More »

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سَلَميّة، أمُّ القاهرة

بين انقضاء أجل ربيع وبدء فصلٍ حائرٍ من الغبار، بين انتصارات أحلام اليقظة وفوحانات الهزائم الدهرية القِدم، بين أنهارٍ ممددّةٍ على خرائط دروس الجغرافية وعطشٍ طفوليِّ الشغف، بين قصائد وأغانٍ تمشّط شعر الريح الضجرة وحناجر تصرخ بجمرٍ مطفأ .. بين هذا الركام الآدمي المدثّر بسماءٍ مشققة ذات عيون من طين وآذانٍ لم تند منذ عصورٍ ...  Read More »

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Academics Call for Peace and Justice (Turkey)

[This statement was released on 11 September 2015. To sign this statement, click here.] We, the undersigned academics, are deeply concerned about the escalating violence after the general elections held on 7 June in Turkey. After these elections, AKP, the previously ruling party, has lost its absolute majority status ...  Read More »

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Understanding the Migrant & Refugee Crisis in the Mediterranean: Interview with Omar Dahi

[Omar Dahi, Co-Editor of Jadaliyya’s Syria page, addresses the current refugee crisis at 33:37] On today’s show, we’re looking at the ongoing crisis in Europe as thousands of people are making the perilous journey across the Mediterranean. We get into the politics of what exactly to call this crisis with Al-Jazeera ...  Read More »

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On Post-Election State Violence in Turkey

On 7 June, the pro-Kurdish People’s Democratic Party (HDP) won 13.1 percent of the vote in national parliamentary elections and was widely seen as having denied the ruling Justice and Development (AKP) party the parliamentary majority it was seeking. For the first time, a pro-Kurdish party had succeeded in getting ...  Read More »

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Turkey's Night of the Firebombs

Across Turkey, coordinated attacks took place on 8 September against offices of the HDP—the People's Democratic Party. The HDP is not, strictly speaking, a Kurdish party—although that is how it is often described in the media. It was formed in 2012 when a group of left-leaning political organizations—all with ...  Read More »

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Quick Thoughts on Tragedy and Treachery in Yemen: A STATUS/الوضع Conversation with Sheila Carapico

In this Quick Thoughts conversation for Status/الوضع, Sheila Carapico discusses the recent turmoil in Yemen, and describes the growing entrenchment of factionalism and sectarianism in Yemen as a result of growing local fissures and proxy interests. She argues that the complexity of Yemeni political terrain and the ...  Read More »

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Turkey’s Three-Front War?

On 20 July, ISIS (the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) attacked a press conference organized by the Socialist Youth Association Federation and killed thirty-three socialist activists in Suruç. On 22 July, a clash broke out between ISIS militants and Turkish soldiers near Kilis. The following day, Turkish authorities ...  Read More »

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في تعاقب المنافي، ستحملنا الريح إلى الوطن

دمشق، الاغتراب المٌبكر ولدتُ وترعرت في دمشق، لم أعرف مدينةً سواها حتى انتصف عقدي الثاني. معرفتي بسوريا كانت كمعرفة سائر سكان دمشق، ممن لا يضطرون إلى الخروج منها إلا بقصد سياحةٍ مُحددة المقاصد، أو لرحلات عملٍ سريعة. لم يكن يحرك سكان العاصمة فضولٌ كبير للتعرف على بقية البلاد. سأفعل ذلك لاحقاً بفضل العمل، ومن ثم بفضل ...  Read More »

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The Reality of Ethnic Cleansing and Kurdish State in Syria

In the past weeks several Syrian-Arab media outlets reported charges of ethnic cleansing against Arab and Turkmen residents of Tell Abyad on the hands of Kurdish militias. Various international media outlets later picked up and circulated these charges, which have now come to be accepted as fact despite a lack of a ...  Read More »

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Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani Interview by France24 on Gaza Disengagement and Its Aftermath

In this interview with France 24 television, Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani explores the background and impact of Israel's 2005 disengagement from the Gaza Strip. Rabbani notes that Israel's motivations for disengagement were to deepen the fragmentation of the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) and ...  Read More »

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سوريا خارج الإطار

التأطير هو فن الاختيار، فن تضييق الفضاء، فن تحديد ما هو في الخارج وفي الداخل وإعطاء هذا الأخير السلطة المطلقة للتحدث في حين يبقى السابق صامتاً. يصف الفيلسوف الفرنسي جيل دولوز الإطار بأنه "نظام مغلق، وهو في جوهره كاشفٌ. حيث أنه ينقل البيانات والمعلومات البصرية للمشاهدين الذين، في الحقيقة فهمهم للعالم ...  Read More »

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دمشق في اللباس الموحّد

تبدو مناظر الشوارع في دمشق، تلك التي كانت تنتمي إلى فترة العهد الوطني بعد الاستقلال، أشبه بالبطاقات السياحية بالأسود والأبيض، في الوقت نفسه لا تنقصها الألوان الطبيعية، حتى أن اللون الأسود يبدو دخيلاً عليها، مشرقة على نحو يدعونا إلى الحنين إليها، لا سيما وداعتها الآسرة، التي بتنا نفتقد إليها في زمن الصخب، ليس صخب ...  Read More »

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"Beyond the Frame"، فيلم عن السّوريّ تامر العوام وكلّ من عاش أو لم يعش حربًا

"Beyond the Frame"، فيلم عن السّوريّ تامر العوام وكلّ من عاش أو لم يعش حربًا في العام 2010، التقيا المخرج المسرحيّ التلفزيونيّ السّوريّ تامر العوام والسّينمائيّ الفلسطينيّ عمر شلش في مدينة "هاللي الألمانيّة، لأول مرة وبعد سوء تفاهم سببته  عن غير قصد - زوجة تامر الألمانيّة السّابقة، حين تحدثت معه ...  Read More »

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طريقٌ ترابي طويل

[تنشر هذه المادة ضمن ملف " الموجة الجديدة في الشعر السوري  ( أثر الحرب )" انقر/يهنا لمواد الملف الكاملة]             "الالتفاف على القناصة" ماذا أفعل بكل هذا الخراب؟ فكرت أن أصنع منه دراجةً هوائيةً بلا فرامل وأسوقها ...  Read More »

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A Theory of the Drone

Grégoire Chamayou, A Theory of the Drone, translated by Janet Lloyd. New York: The New Press, 2015. Since the turn of this century, armed drones (that is, unmanned aerial vehicles, or UAVs) have become a weapon of choice for the United States. Drone strikes started during the Bush administration with the “war on ...  Read More »

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The Settling of the United States from the Perspective of its Victims

Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, An Indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States. Boston: Beacon Press, 2014. The Acoma poet Simon Ortiz writes in From Sand Creek that “the future will not be mad with loss and waste though the memory will.” People will not forget their past, but that should not stand in the way of change. ...  Read More »

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Al Jazeera America Interviews Jadaliyya Co-Editor Noura Erakat About Arson-Murder of Baby Ali Saad Dawabshe

At roughly 4 AM on Friday 31 July 2015, Israeli settlers burned to death eighteen-month old Palestinian baby boy Ali Saad Dawabsheh by setting fire to his family's home while they slept. The family rushed out of their burning home and saved their 4-year old son who was suffocating from smoke inhalation. This is not an ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (August 5)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to by Monday night of every ...  Read More »

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No Decisive Outcome on Syrian Horizon

The view that 2015 has not been a particularly good year for Syrian President Bashar Assad and may get considerably worse has much to recommend it. Within Syria, the government has lost control over most of the province of Idlib in the country’s northwest, including its key towns and military bases. More recently it ...  Read More »

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Quick Thoughts: April Longley Alley on the Yemen Conflict

[In late March 2015, a coalition of states led by Saudi Arabia initiated a military campaign against Yemen consisting of intensive air raids, the arming of local allies and a de facto naval and air blockade of the country. Initially termed Operation Decisive Storm but since renamed Operation Restore Hope, it continues ...  Read More »

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تدمر، واحة للظلام

تعرضت تدمر منذ مدة لغزوة بربرية في وقت قياسي، وتردد صدى الخبر في أنحاء سوريا والعالم لأن تدمر تتمتع بشهرة خاصة كونها رمزاً ثقافياً وحضارياً، ونظراً لموقعها الجغرافي الذي جعل منها في الأزمنة القديمة محطة لطرق القوافل بين سوريا وبلاد ما بين النهرين، ولتاريخها العريق المتداخل مع تواريخ متجاوزة للحدود المحلية، ونظراً ...  Read More »

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New Texts Out Now: Ali Issa, Against All Odds: Voices of Popular Struggle in Iraq

Ali Issa, Against All Odds: Voices of Popular Struggle in Iraq. Washington, DC: Tadween Books, 2015. [Against All Odds: Voices of Popular Struggle in Iraq is co-published with the War Resisters League.]   Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book?  Ali Issa (AI): I wrote this book to remedy the ...  Read More »

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Attacks against Solidarity with Kobane: The Suruç Massacre of Young Revolutionaries

A suicide attack killed at least thirty young revolutionaries in Suruç in Urfa, the Turkish city near the Syrian border, on 20 July 2015. The attack on the Amara Culture Center, where at least three hundred young people affiliated with the Federation of Socialist Youth Association (SGDF) were staying, was committed ...  Read More »

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Quick Thoughts: Nathan Thrall on the Gaza Strip One Year After Israel’s Operation Protective Edge

[On 7 July 2014 Israel launched Operation Protective Edge (OPE), its most devastating assault on the Gaza Strip since the 1967 June War. Nathan Thrall, Senior Analyst with the International Crisis Group ( who regularly conducts research in the Gaza Strip, reflects on the ramifications of ...  Read More »

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How To Not Know about the CIA’s Targeted Killing Program

The CIA operates armed drones to engage in targeted killing operations in Pakistan, Yemen, and Somalia. That is known. But, to borrow from former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld’s iconic statement, is it a “known known” or a “known unknown”? Known knowns are things we know we know, whereas known unknowns are ...  Read More »

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خطوط مرسومة على خريطة فارغة: حدود العراق وأسطورة الدولة المصطنعة الجزء الأول

 قد لا تكون هناك دولة ـ أمة حديثة دُعيت "مصطنعة" أكثر من العراق. وبينما يُقرّ معظم الباحثين بأن جميع الدول ـ الأمم مصطنعة، بمعنى أنّ بشراً أنشأوها، فإن العراق، على ما يبدو، مصطنع أكثر منها كلها. وتبدأ القصة دوماً بمعاهدات السلام التي وُقِّعتْ في أعقاب الحرب العالمية الأولى، والتي وضع أثناءها الأوربيون ...  Read More »

Syrian Population Regression

Population: ~ 22.5 Million

2011:  5,800+ (killed)

2012:  60,000+ (killed) and 500,000+ (external refugees)

2013:  100,000+ (killed), 2,000,000+ (external refugees), and 8 million+ displaced



Syria Map and Stats

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Population: 22,517,750
GDP: $107.4 billion 
Unemployment: 8.3%; Youth Employment (ages 15-24): 19.1%
Internet Users: 4.469 million 
Exchange Rate: ~ 98.00 Syrian pounds per US dollar
GDP Growth Rate: 3.2% 
Military Expenditures: 5.9% of GDP (World Rank: 10)
Health Expenditures: 2.9% of GDP (World Rank: 180)
Population Growth Rate: 0.913% 
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 35.2%; 15-64 years: 61%; 65 years and over: 3.8%
Literacy: 79.6%
Religious Demographics: Sunni Muslim 74%; other Muslim (includes Alawite, Druze) 16%; Christian (various denominations) 10%
Ethnic Demographics: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%

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