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Statement of Syrian Christians in Support of the Revolution

[The following statement was issued in English, French, and Arabic by a group of Syrian Christians on July 10, 2011.] Statement of Syrian Christians in Support of the Revolution I. Christianity being a religion of truth, justice, equality and love, Syrian Christians can not but be with their fellow citizens in their ...  Read More »

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To Die For

[This is the seventh part of Amal Hanano's diary of her trip back to Aleppo. You can read the previous parts here] Like most acquaintances in our wired world, a certain “friend of a friend” had become a “friend.” I had admired her for months from afar, inspired by her bold status updates which openly ...  Read More »

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Senior Attache at Syrian Embassy in Washington D.C. Clarifies Reasons for Resignation

[Below is an email sent and circulated by Ahmed Salkini, former Senior Attache at the Syrian Embassy in Washington D.C., explaining the reasons for his resignation. The email was reproduced on several websites, including all4syria.info] Dear All: The time has come for me to step down from my current position and ...  Read More »

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Eat, Drink, But Don't Talk Politics

[This is the sixth part of Amal Hanano's diary of her trip back to Aleppo. You can read the previous parts here] I knew I shouldn’t have gone. They called and said dinner was at Nadi Halab, Club d’Alep, the exclusive club where the akaber, high-class, elite “society” of Christian and secular Muslims hang out to ...  Read More »

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The Syrian People's Slow Motion Revolution

[Below is the latest from the International Crisis Group (ICG) on Syria] Popular Protests in North Africa and The Middle East (VI): The Syrian People's Slow-Motion Revolution Executive Summary The Syrian uprising has defied conventional expectations and patterns established elsewhere in the region from the outset. ...  Read More »

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The Arab Spring and Adunis's Autumn

The Syrian poet Adunis (1930-) (Ali Ahmad Sa`id) is and will always be one of the most important Arab poets of the 20th century. His poetry represents a genuinely radical break with what came before. His metaphors are dazzling and his voice is pristine. Although he was not the first, nor only poet to write what came ...  Read More »

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سوريا تشهد ثورة شعبية سلمية لأجل الحرية والكرامة

  أكد الكاتب والمفكر السوري جاد الكريم جباعي أن الاحتجاجات التي تشهدها سوريا لم تنحسر لأن إصلاحات النظام مراوغة وغير مقنعة، معتبراً أن السلطة لم تقم بأي إصلاح سياسي جدي حتى الآن.. وهي تعلم جيداً أن الإصلاح السياسي الجدي سينهي النظام الشمولي الذي تنتمي إليه وتدافع عنه، وسيضع حداً لرموز الفساد ...  Read More »

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The Syrian Revolution: Interview with Rosa Yaseen Hassan (Part 1)

In late June, a Jadaliyya affiliate sat with Syrian novelist Rosa Yaseen Hassan to talk about the Syrian revolution. The interview was conducted in Arabic by a Jadaliyya affiliate and transcribed/translated into English by Ziad Abu-Rish. This post represents Part 1 of the interview, in which Hassan discusses the ...  Read More »

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Emergency Laws, the Arab Spring, and the Struggle Against “Human Rights”

The Arab Spring could not be more textured as different governments, political interests, and international relations have uniquely shaped each nation’s uprising. Still, certain patterns have been common to this turning point in the Arab world. These have included burgeoning protests, state-sponsored violence ...  Read More »

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Through the Looking Glass

[This is the fourth installment of Amal Hanano's diary of her trip back to Aleppo. You can read previous installments here] After four months of waking up early every Friday, with hope and dread to watch the Syrian uprising, being here on a Friday named Irhal, “Leave!” was a highlight of my trip. Since ...  Read More »

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Culture XII

All Spring, Jadaliyya presented you with weekly offerings on poetry, fiction, music and art from the Arab world, a bouquet we called "Culture" because we didn't know a better word for the flowers we were finding. Summer is here and the flowers keep on blooming. Another week, and three more pieces to enjoy -- ...  Read More »

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On Cultural Production and the Syrian Revolution: Part 3 of an Interview with Rosa Yaseen Hassan

In late June, a Jadaliyya affiliate sat with Syrian novelist Rosa Yaseen Hassan to talk about the Syrian revolution. The interview was conducted in Arabic and transcribed/translated into English. This post represents Part 3 of the interview, in which Hassan discusses culture and culture production in Syria during the ...  Read More »

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Waiting for a Volcano? Don't Hold Your Breath

[This is the third installment of Amal Hanano's account of her trip back to Aleppo. You can read the first two here and here] In the universe of Revolution 2.0, Facebook is the reigning capital, and The Syrian Revolution 2011 page (with over 218,000 “official” followers) is considered prime real estate. Earlier this ...  Read More »

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Ma Fi Shi: The City of Nothingness

[This is the second installment of Amal Hanano's diary of her trip back to Aleppo. You can read the first installment here] While “The people want to topple the regime” has become the anthem of the Arab Spring, “There is nothing” is the unofficial chant of the people of Aleppo. “Ma fi shi” is the must-use, “it” ...  Read More »

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What Is [the] Left?

Lebanon has been without a government for months. Finally, a thirty-member cabinet was formed two weeks ago. With a revolutionary uprising in Syria and the brutal response by the Syrian regime intensifying, there is now a Lebanese government whose sole function, it seems, is to weather the storm at the country's ...  Read More »

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Mind the Gap

[This is the first installment of Amal Hanano's diary of her trip back to Syria] I begin to lose sleep weeks before I leave – waking in the middle of the night, my mind racing with anxiety. My insomnia may be the obvious sign that I have no business going to Syria while the country, as my close friend likes to remind ...  Read More »

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Culture XI

Only Jadaliyya can put together an Egyptian novelist, an Iraqi musician and a tyrant in the same space. Our eleventh installment features two interviews and a famous poem from the late 1980's being read again nowadays in Syria and other Arab countries. We also have a series of images from Yemen: On Writing and ...  Read More »

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Nizar Qabbani's "The Journal of An Arab Executioner"

The Journal Of An Arab Executioner Nizar Qabbani (1923-1998) 1 O people I have become a sultan over you Break your idols after straying, and worship me… I don’t always reveal myself… So sit down on the patience pavement to see me Leave your children with no bread And leave your women with no ...  Read More »

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We Want to Fill Cells; The Strong Heroes of Moscow Rap Against the Syrian Regime

[This clip was posted today on the "Fann al-Thawra al-Suriyya" (The Art of the Syrian Revolution) page on Facebook. The name chosen by its producer/s, "The Strong Heroes of Moscow," as well as the lyrics, parody the Syrian regime's propaganda and the discourse of its backers. We are reposting a ...  Read More »

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Jadaliyya Co-Editor Bassam Haddad on Rami Makhlouf in the New York Times

[From the New York Times. Jadaliyya Co-Editor Bassam Haddad was interviewed by the New York Times for their first story on the move to charity work by the Syrian Tycoon, Rami Makhlouf]   Reviled Tycoon, Assad’s Cousin, Resigns in Syria By ANTHONY SHADID BEIRUT, Lebanon — Syria’s most powerful businessman, a ...  Read More »

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That Was Hama in 1982. This Is Syria in 2011

[The below post was sent to us by an author that has asked to remain anonymous and only identified as Hamwia due to safety considerations regarding relatives in Hama and other parts of Syria.] A young man, studying medicine, was alone in his apartment. When the soldiers barged into his house he proclaimed his ...  Read More »

Gays, islamistas y la primavera arabe; Que haria un revolucionario?

[This article was written in English by Maya Mikdashi and R.M. and translated/published in Spanish by www.rebelion.org] Gays, islamistas y la primavera árabe ¿Qué haría un revolucionario? [Traducción para Rebelión de Loles Oliván] El pasado mes de mayo el blog Una lesbiana en ...  Read More »

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BBC Interview with Bassam Haddad on the Question of "Sectarianism" in Syria

This is an interview conducted by the BBC with Jadaliyya Co-Editor Bassam Haddad on the question of "sectarianism" in Syria. It was recorded a few weeks prior, but we have decided to publish it because of the magnitude that this topic has occupied in the past days.   Read More »

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The Lebanese Left Fails in Syria

[This article was written in Arabic by Khalil Issa and translated into English by Hanna Petro] When the left loses all the material elements of its steadfastness, as a result of its mistakes on the one hand and because of surrounding local pressures on the other, it is usually left with nothing but the ...  Read More »

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Nizar Qabbani's "Poetry Buses"

Nizar Qabbani (1923-1998) was a Syrian poet, essayist, diplomat, and publisher and one of the most popular poets in the Arab world in the last few decades of the 20th century. He was born and raised in Damascus in a middle-class merchant traditional family. At the age of 15, Qabbani’s sister committed suicide because ...  Read More »

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The Marriage of Cadmus and Harmony and the Burial of the Martyrs: Syrian Dances in the Arab Spring

Some Fires Burn More than Others [August 10th, 2009] Bosra is on fire. Red lights shine through the night in the ancient Roman amphitheatre. The smoke pours onto the stage, where the famous pop singer, Ali al-Deek, and his orchestra have set the audience and the stage on metaphorical fire. Everyone is dancing: old ...  Read More »

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Culture VIII

This week's basket has everything you need to start the week: Greek mythology, French philosophy, the politics of poetry, and a dispatch from Palestine: Algeria's Impact on French Philosophy: Between Poststructuralist Theory and Colonial Practice by Muriam Haleh Davis The Marriage of Cadmus and Harmony and the ...  Read More »

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The Largest Demonstration in Hama Ends with Blood, and Signals a Shift

In what has been dubbed as the "Friday of the Children of Freedom" protests yesterday, Hama witnessed the largest demonsration yet, and Syria the largest crackdown to-date, with more than 50 protesters reported killed and several hundred wounded by live ammunition in the key city of Hama alone. These ...  Read More »

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Syria and Hizballah

[This article is written by Khalid Saghieh and translated by Assaf Khoury*] Translator's Introduction  Up until a few months ago, Hizballah could legitimately claim pride of place in the Arab anti-imperialist camp. Hizballah was the only Arab force that repeatedly stymied the powerful Israeli military ...  Read More »

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"We've Never Seen Such Horror": Crimes Against Humanity by Syrian Security Forces

[Below is the latest from the Human Rights Watch (HRW) on Syria.] "We've Never Seen Such Horror": Crimes Against Humanity by Syrian Security Forces Summary Since the beginning of anti-government protests in March 2011, Syrian security forces have killed hundreds of protesters and arbitrarily arrested ...  Read More »

Syrian Population Regression

Population: ~ 17,583,863 (2017 est.)

2011:  5,800+ (killed)

2012:  60,000+ (killed) and 500,000+ (external refugees), 3+ million (internally displaced)

2013:  100,000+ (killed), 2,000,000+ (external refugees), and 8 million+ (internally displaced)

2014: 200,000+ (killed), 3.5+ million (external refugees), 7.6+ million (internally displaced)

2015: 250,000+ (killed), 4.4 million (external refugees), 6.6+ million (internally displaced)

2016: 400,000+ (killed), 4.9+ million (external refugees), 6.3+ million (internally displaced)

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Syria Map and Stats

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Population: 17,185,170 (July 2016 est.)
GDP: $24.6 billion (2014 est.); $50.28 billion purchasing power parity (2015 est.)
Unemployment: 50% (2016 est.); Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): total: 35.8% (male: 26.6%; female: 71.1% [2011 est.])
Internet Users: 5.116 million - 30%/pop. (July 2015 est.)
Exchange Rate: ~ 497.8 Syrian pounds per US dollar (2016 est.)
GDP Growth Rate: -9.9% (2015 est.)
Military Expenditures: 5.9% of GDP (World Rank: 10) (2011 est.)
Health Expenditures: 2.9% of GDP (World Rank: 180) (2011 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 1.56% (2016 est.)
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 31.95% (male 2,815,140/female 2,675,166); 15-24 years: 19.65% (male 1,711,847/female 1,664,814); 25-54 years: 39.03% (male 3,342,264/female 3,364,406); 55-64 years: 5.26% (male 447,205/female 457,525); 65 years and over: 4.11% (male 318,691/female 388,112) (2016 est.)
Literacy: 86.4% (male: 91.7%; female: 81% [2015 est.])
Religious Demographics: Sunni Muslim 74%; other Muslim (includes Alawite, Druze) 16%; Christian (various denominations) 10%
Ethnic Demographics: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%

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