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Militarization and External Intervention: The Syrian Crisis

  The US organization Women Against War held a symposium in Chicago on 23 April 2014, to which researcher and scholar Bassam Haddad, Co-Founder and Co-Editor of Jadaliyya and Director of the Middle East Studies at George Mason University, was invited, alongside Rana Khouri, researcher and PhD student at ...  Read More »

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Ghassan Kanafani: A Profile from the Archives

[”A Profile from the Archives“  is a series published by Jadaliyya in both Arabic and English in cooperation with the Lebanese newspaper, Assafir. These profiles will feature iconic figures who left indelible marks in the politics and culture of the Middle East and North Africa. This profile was ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (May 24)

Regional and International Perspectives  Lebanon’s Alawites at a Crossroads Raphael Lefevre writes: “The recent calm presents a historic opportunity for Lebanese Alawites to search for new leaders who embrace a more independent approach toward Damascus and a more conciliatory posture toward Tripoli’s Sunni ...  Read More »

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Quick Thoughts: Omar Dahi on The Rebel Withdrawal from Homs and Brahimi Resignation

  [The agreement reached between opposition fighters and the Syrian regime with respect to Homs has solicited an array of speculation as to what it precisely represents. When combined with the recent resignation of UN Special Envoy Lakhdar Brahimi, both events are interpreted as signals of a key shift in the ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (May 17)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every ...  Read More »

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Flight of Icarus? The PYD's Precarious Rise in Syria

[The following report was published by the International Crisis Group on 8 May 2014] Executive Summary With the Syrian regime and opposition locked in a see-saw battle, Kurdish forces have consolidated control over large portions of the country’s north. Their principal players, the Democratic Union Party (Partiya ...  Read More »

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الأزمة السورية: نقد عسكرة الصراع وطلب التدخل الخارجيّ

قامت منظمة "نساء ضد الحرب" الأميركية بتنظيم ندوة في مدينة شيكاغو في 23 نيسان\إبريل (2014)، دُعي إليها رئيس تحرير "جدلية"، ورئيس قسم دراسات الشرق الاوسط في جامعة جورج ميسون بفرجينيا، الباحث والمفكر بسام حداد، والباحثة وطالبة الدكتوراه في جامعة نورث ويسترن (شيكاغو) رنا خوري. ونُظِّمت الندوة ...  Read More »

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4th Annual UC Davis Spring Human Rights Initiative Symposium (9-10 May)

 4th Annual UC Davis Spring Human Rights Initiative Symposium  This year's symposium is being held in conjunction with the meeting of the UC Humanities Institute-supported UC Human Rights Collaboration, which brings together 21 faculty and graduate students from the majority of the UC system's campuses. The ...  Read More »

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Arsal Struggles to Deal with the Syrian Refugee Overflow

In early April 2014, the UN High Commission of Refugees (UNHCR) claimed that the number of Syrian refugees registered in Lebanon passed one million, amounting to a quarter of the host country's resident population. The UNHCR in Lebanon registers at least 2,500 new Syrian refugees every day. Hosting the highest per ...  Read More »

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الرأس منفصلاً عن الجسد

الرأس منفصلاً عن الجسد: حوار مع النحات السوري مصطفى علي  مصطفى علي من مواليد راس شمرا في اللاذقية، لم يتتلمذ على يد أحد في البداية، ولكنه تشرّب عبْرَ مسيرته الحياتية المليئة بالصعوبات المؤثرات كلّها صانعاً عالمه بإرادة لا تلين دفعتْ به إلى درب الفن الشاق. حمل صخرة سيزيف وصعد وهبط بها عبر المراحل الفنية ...  Read More »

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The Everyday Experience of Humanitarianism in Akkar Villages (Part Two)

Approaches to Program Implementation as Seen by People: Emerging Rifts between the Beneficiaries and the Providers About the People “Ethnicization” of needs and services is the approach according to which beneficiaries need to fit into specific categories in order to qualify for services and goods. In this sense, ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (April 26)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or ofJadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every ...  Read More »

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#SaveKessab, #Save Aleppo, and Kim Kardashian: Syria’s Rashomon Effect

A historic Christian Armenian town situated just a mile from the Turkish border in northwest Syria, Kessab is now among the war’s many casualties. On the morning of 21 March, the town was seized by opposition fighters from three Islamic militant groups: Jabhat al-Nusra, Sham al-Islam, and Ansar al-Sham. For Armenians ...  Read More »

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The Everyday Experience of Humanitarianism in Akkar Villages (Part One)

It is very common nowadays to come across reports discussing the negative impact of the Syrian humanitarian crisis on the Lebanese economy as a whole. On the one hand, there have been several attempts to focus on the victims and their plight, rather than looking at the complex dynamics of humanitarian intervention in ...  Read More »

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Jadaliyya Co-Editor Bassam Haddad on NPR’s Worldview, Addressing Syria’s Presidential Elections

The speaker of parliament announced yesterday that that the Syrian regime will hold presidential elections on 3 June 2014. This announcement comes amid an array of speculation about the strategies of the regime in the face of over three years of the Syrian uprising, a brutal and destructive regime response, and the ...  Read More »

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On the Struggle of Syrian Refugees in Lebanon

Spring has just landed in Lebanon. Its warmth and colors soothing the dried winter skin of the vast majority of Syrian refugees who resisted icy temperatures and freezing to death underneath thin canvas tents. Lebanon is now home to approximately one million Syrians, displaced from their war-ravaged cities and towns ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (April 16)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every ...  Read More »

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The Strands of the Military Opposition in Syria: An Interview with Yasser Munif (Part 2)

This is part two of an interview as conducted with Yasser Munif, by Jadaliyya Co-Editor Bassam Haddad. You can view Part one here. Yasser teaches Sociology and History at Emerson College and has been to Syria a few times in the past year. He starts the interview by discussing the importance of the ...  Read More »

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Adunis, Mistranslated (Part One)

Adonis, Selected Poems. Translated from the Arabic by Khaled Mattawa. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2010. Adunis (1930-) is one of the most influential and dominant Arab poets of the modern era and a perennial Nobel contender since the late 1980s. A number of his individual works have been ably ...  Read More »

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Tartus in the Present Crisis: A Mirror of the Syrian Regime

Whether in the Syrian or international media, Tartus is often presented as an island of calm in the ongoing Syrian crisis. The typical response of a Tartus resident to a non-resident interlocutor inquiring about the local situation is “Hon ma fi shi,” which translates from the Arabic as “There is nothing going on ...  Read More »

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O.I.L. Monthly Edition (March 2014)

[This is a monthly archive of pieces written byJadaliyya contributors and editors on the Occupations, Interventions,and Law (O.I.L.) Page. It also includes material published on other platforms that editors deemed pertinent to post as they provide diverse depictions of O.I.L.-related topics. The pieces reflect ...  Read More »

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مآلات النزف البطيء: وداعاً سورية دولة مركزية

النصيحة التي قدمها مسؤولون في عواصم غربية عدة إلى صنّاع القرار في بلادهم، أن الصراع السوري مرجح أن يستمر بين خمس وعشر سنوات ولا بد من وضع السياسات الاستراتيجية على أساس احتمالات متوسطة وطويلة المدى وليست قريبة الأجل. وفق المعلومات المتوافرة، تكثّفت في الأسابيع الأخيرة الاجتماعات السياسية والأمنية بين حلفاء المعارضة و ...  Read More »

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LA Event--The Political Economy of the Syrian Uprising: Whither the Business Class? (2pm, 8 April, UCLA)

The Political Economy of the Syrian Uprising: Whither the Business Class? A lecture by Bassam Haddad, Associate Professor in the Department of Public and International Affairs and Director, Middle East Studies, George Mason University, and Co-Editor of Jadaliyya. Tuesday, 8 April 2014
 2:00 PM
 10383 Bunche ...  Read More »

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Reconfiguring Relief Mechanisms: The Syrian Refugee Crisis in Lebanon

The Issam Faris Institute (IFI) at the American University of Beirut (AUB) has released a report, authored by Rabih Shibli, the associate director for Development and Community Projects at AUB’s Center for Civic Engagement and Community Service. The report investigates the impacts of the Syrian refugee crisis in ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (April 4)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every ...  Read More »

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Panel Event -- The Syrian Tragedy: Where From? Where to? (3 April, George Mason University)

The Syrian Tragedy Where From? Where to? Thursday April 3 3pm - 5pm Johnson Center Cinema George Mason University This event is free and open to the public Featuring Omar Dahi, Hampshire College/Jadaliyya: Material Roots of the Uprising: Rethinking the Economic Thesis Rochelle Davis, ...  Read More »

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The Strands of the Military Opposition in Syria: An Interview with Yasser Munif (Part 1)

This interview was conducted with Yasser Munif, by Jadaliyya Co-Editor Bassam Haddad. Yasser teaches Sociology and History at Emerson College and has been to Syria a few times in the past year. He starts the interview by discussing the importance of the invisible part of the uprising: namely, the civilian component ...  Read More »

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Return Unifies Us: Global Day Of Action For And By Palestinian Refugees

 25 March, 2014 On Saturday 22 March, Palestinians held a day of activities in Syria’s devastated Yarmouk refugee camp. In what has now become a rare occurrence for the besieged camp, concerts took place and music was played, organized by the Damascene School, in cooperation with Yarmouk Youth Group, ...  Read More »

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Joint Statement Calling for Release of Arbitrarily Detained Journalists and Others in Syria

[The following joint statement was issued by the undersigned and published by Reporters Without Borders on 17 March 2014]  Free Key Rights Defenders Government Arbitrarily Holds Darwish, Colleagues Despite UN Demands The government of Syria should immediately and unconditionally release the arbitrarily ...  Read More »

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الجزائر : لماذا رُشِّح بوتفليقة لعهدة رابعة؟

لم يكن ترشيح الرئيس بوتفليقة لانتخابات نيسان/ أبريل 2014 الرئاسية لِيُحدث كلَّ هذه الضجة لو كان في صحة جيدة، يتوجه إلى الجزائريين بالحديث من حين لآخر مباشرة، لا عبر وزراءَ يرتّلون رسائله الروتينية على مسامعهم دون كثير من الاقتناع. والحال أن مجلس الوزراء، منذ مدة ليست بالقصيرة، لم يعد ينعقد بسبب مرضه، وأنه لم يعد يمثل ...  Read More »

Syrian Population Regression

Population: ~ 22.5 Million

2011:  5,800+ (killed)

2012:  60,000+ (killed) and 500,000+ (external refugees)

2013:  100,000+ (killed), 2,000,000+ (external refugees), and 8 million+ displaced

 

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Syria Map and Stats

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Population: 22,517,750
GDP: $107.4 billion 
Unemployment: 8.3%; Youth Employment (ages 15-24): 19.1%
Internet Users: 4.469 million 
Exchange Rate: ~ 98.00 Syrian pounds per US dollar
GDP Growth Rate: 3.2% 
Military Expenditures: 5.9% of GDP (World Rank: 10)
Health Expenditures: 2.9% of GDP (World Rank: 180)
Population Growth Rate: 0.913% 
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 35.2%; 15-64 years: 61%; 65 years and over: 3.8%
Literacy: 79.6%
Religious Demographics: Sunni Muslim 74%; other Muslim (includes Alawite, Druze) 16%; Christian (various denominations) 10%
Ethnic Demographics: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%

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