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Roundtable On Refugee Crisis: Historical Legacies, Political Context, and Legal Mechanisms

Seemingly overnight Europe is confronted with a phenomenon already being experienced in Amman, Damascus, Beirut, Gaziantep and other cities in the Middle East: large numbers of desperate refugees fleeing war, destruction and economic destitution. The policy response of Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon to this influx has ...  Read More »

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Battlefield Syria: An Interview with Omar Dahi

Last week, Russian jets began carrying out airstrikes in Syria. With the military buildup in Bashar al-Assad's western coastal heartlands, Moscow’s military intervention has brought a new dimension to an already catastrophic civil war driven by internal and external state and non-state actors. This week, we talk to ...  Read More »

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Quick Thoughts on Sanctions and Elite Factionalization in Syria: A STATUS/الوضع Conversation with Samer Abboud

In this Quick Thoughts conversation for Status/الوضع, Samer Abboud outlines the impact of sanctions on the rise of social actors in Syria who facilitate transactions as intermediaries and assist in providing access to parts of the country afflicted with conflict. As producers and distributors, ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (October 5)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every ...  Read More »

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A Portrait of Moustafa Fathi

A pioneering painter who also taught at the Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Damascus between 1966 and 1987, Moustafa Fathi (1942-2009) was widely respected for his research of Levantine folk art in addition to his analysis of Syrian visual culture as a complete record of social advancement that stretched back to ...  Read More »

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خمسة أسئلة عن التنوع البيبليوغرافي

يواجه قطاع النشر، وبخاصة في العالم العربي، الكثير من الصعوبات، فمن جهة لا تجد دور النشر الصغيرة أي فرصة للاستمرار في ظل واقع القراءة المزري الذي يلقي بثقله على مبيعات الكتب، ويخلق نوعاً من التحدي المالي الخانق لكل من يعمل في هذا المجال، ومن جهة أخرى تحتكر مؤسسات النشر الكبيرة الأسماء اللامعة للمؤلفين، وتسيطر على سوق ...  Read More »

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Reimagining the University in a Time of Crisis – Every Campus a Refuge Campaign

The refugee crisis is a perpetual crisis. As long as there has been conflict, there have been refugees. I myself am the child of refugees, their first, born in a country right across the river from the one they fled. We were lucky; my family escaped the drudgeries of the refugee camps to live a life of tenuous ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (September 28)

 [This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of ...  Read More »

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تحيّة لمطر أيلول الذي لم يخلف وعدَه

            للمطرِ عينانِ: إذا كَشفتْ واحدةٌ فضيحةَ الأرض، أَسدلت الأخرى ستائرَ السماء. وجبينُهُ مَلِكٌ لا يَحكم إلاّ ساجداً. للمطر شفتان: إذا ازْرَقَّتْ واحدةٌ مِن برْدِ المنفى، أضاءت الأخرى شرفاتِ البيت. لسانُهُ؟ يا لأنينِ الريح حين تشدُّ ضفائرَها أيدي ...  Read More »

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كابوس دمشـق وســماواتها: يوميات سورية

العودة إلى الشام 14  آب/أغسطس 2011  وقفتُ في الدور قلقاً بعض الشيء. لطالما أثار فيَّ مطارُ دمشق، أنا الكردي العراقي بجنسيتين عراقية وأخرى أمريكية مع اسم عليّ أن أردده أكثر من مرة قبل ترجمته، خليطاً غريباً من مشاعر التوجس والقلق وصولاً إلى الخوف. تُعتبر المطارات واجهة مصغرة لمدنها وهي بمثابة بوابتها التي ...  Read More »

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القناص

في سرِّه ــ وبحنقٍ حاد ــ شتم بكلمات بشعة إله الضجر. كشبحٍ ملامحه ضبابية كان هناك، منفيّاً عن كل أنواع الكلام، ليتسلى هذا الصمت القاسي بانتهاك مزاجه لساعات طويلة، ما لبث أن زفر ثم بصق على البلاط.إلا أنّ نصف بصقته سالتْ على بزّته ذات اللون البني الباهت. صار الوقت عصراً وهو منذ الصباح الباكر منتصبٌ كأحمق في هذه ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (September 21)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every ...  Read More »

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September/15 Culture

Following a summer hiatus our monthly culture bouquet is back. On display this month:  * Khaled Al-Hilli translates a short story by the Ghaib Tu`ma Farman. * Taline Voskeritchian writes about an orphan photograph. * Anni Weaver translates a short story by Ghassan Kanafani. * Sharif Elmusa offers a poem about ...  Read More »

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An Elegy by al-Ma`arri

[“This is my father's crime against me, which I myself committed against none” (hādha janāhu abī ʿalayya wa-mā janaytu ʿalā aḥadin). So declares the tomb in Maʿarrat al-Nuʿmān, Syria, of pre-modern poet and iconoclast Abuʾl-ʿAlāʾ al-Maʿarrī (d. 1058 AD). The implication is as somber as the plaque it adorns: ...  Read More »

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بعد مرور أربع سنوات: ما من أجوبة سهلة في سوريا

(كُتب هذا المقال في آذار\نيسان. ترجمة: أسامة إسبر) (Read English Version here) بعد أربع سنوات من القتل والتدمير، ليس هناك أسئلة سهلة في سوريا. ذلك أن الحلول الليبرالية المطروحة لا تفتقر للواقعية فحسب، بل هي أيضاً متضمنة في وجهات نظر عالمية غير ناضجة عن الحرية والعدالة والتنمية ...  Read More »

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An Update of Our Fall

AN UPDATE OF OUR FALL The hair delicate The waves combed it As if composing lines Lamenting the deed The mouth is turned away From the salt and sand The ear a pearl’s shell The murmurs of the tale still wet To us he shows Not his bright face But his back At us he looks Not with the keen eyes But ...  Read More »

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اللاجئون السوريون والخليج: لحظة فك السحر

عندما كتب ميشيل فوكو عن علاقة المعرفة بالسلطة ركز على أهمية العلوم الاجتماعية لتقديم المعرفة الدقيقة اللازمة لأي سلطة تريد تنوير أو ترويض رعيتها. فالإحصائيات والأرقام والمسوحات والاستبيانات والمقابلات المعمقة هدفها تقديم حد أدنى من المعلومات التي على ضوئها سيتم تفسيرها من قبل السلطات السياسية، وإنشاء ما يسمى ...  Read More »

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Turkey in Times of War

The Justice and Development Party (AKP), ruling Turkey as the sole party since 2002, finds itself in a deep and longstanding crisis of hegemony. The first blow it suffered from below was the June Uprising in 2013. Ever since, the AKP and first Prime Minister then President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who de facto owns the ...  Read More »

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Cemile Cagirga: A Girl is Freezing Under State Fire

Cemile Çağırga: A Girl is Freezing Under State Fire “As a child born in the southeast, after the ‘90s, you’re not really a kid. During your infancy, you’re really a child between 1-5 years old. As a 6-year old, you’ve actually grown up and are considered to be 15 years old. When you turn 10, you’re actually 20. After ...  Read More »

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سَلَميّة، أمُّ القاهرة

بين انقضاء أجل ربيع وبدء فصلٍ حائرٍ من الغبار، بين انتصارات أحلام اليقظة وفوحانات الهزائم الدهرية القِدم، بين أنهارٍ ممددّةٍ على خرائط دروس الجغرافية وعطشٍ طفوليِّ الشغف، بين قصائد وأغانٍ تمشّط شعر الريح الضجرة وحناجر تصرخ بجمرٍ مطفأ .. بين هذا الركام الآدمي المدثّر بسماءٍ مشققة ذات عيون من طين وآذانٍ لم تند منذ عصورٍ ...  Read More »

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ISIS in the News: Extensive Media Roundup (May-July 2015)

[Editorial Note: This is not a "Best of," only a roundup of significant pieces. Seehere for an introduction to this roundup series]   English Articles          Abductions in Syria cause widespread fear (27 April 2015) Massoud Hamed reports that ...  Read More »

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Understanding the Migrant & Refugee Crisis in the Mediterranean: Interview with Omar Dahi

[Omar Dahi, Co-Editor of Jadaliyya’s Syria page, addresses the current refugee crisis at 33:37] On today’s show, we’re looking at the ongoing crisis in Europe as thousands of people are making the perilous journey across the Mediterranean. We get into the politics of what exactly to call this crisis with Al-Jazeera ...  Read More »

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Turkey's Night of the Firebombs

Across Turkey, coordinated attacks took place on 8 September against offices of the HDP—the People's Democratic Party. The HDP is not, strictly speaking, a Kurdish party—although that is how it is often described in the media. It was formed in 2012 when a group of left-leaning political organizations—all with ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (September 9)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every ...  Read More »

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Syria Media Roundup (August 31)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Syria and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Syria Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to syria@jadaliyya.com by Monday night of every ...  Read More »

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Turkey’s Three-Front War?

On 20 July, ISIS (the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) attacked a press conference organized by the Socialist Youth Association Federation and killed thirty-three socialist activists in Suruç. On 22 July, a clash broke out between ISIS militants and Turkish soldiers near Kilis. The following day, Turkish authorities ...  Read More »

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في تعاقب المنافي، ستحملنا الريح إلى الوطن

دمشق، الاغتراب المٌبكر ولدتُ وترعرت في دمشق، لم أعرف مدينةً سواها حتى انتصف عقدي الثاني. معرفتي بسوريا كانت كمعرفة سائر سكان دمشق، ممن لا يضطرون إلى الخروج منها إلا بقصد سياحةٍ مُحددة المقاصد، أو لرحلات عملٍ سريعة. لم يكن يحرك سكان العاصمة فضولٌ كبير للتعرف على بقية البلاد. سأفعل ذلك لاحقاً بفضل العمل، ومن ثم بفضل ...  Read More »

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Turkey Media Roundup (August 25)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Turkey and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Turkey Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to turkey@jadaliyya.com by Sunday night of every ...  Read More »

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The Reality of Ethnic Cleansing and Kurdish State in Syria

In the past weeks several Syrian-Arab media outlets reported charges of ethnic cleansing against Arab and Turkmen residents of Tell Abyad on the hands of Kurdish militias. Various international media outlets later picked up and circulated these charges, which have now come to be accepted as fact despite a lack of a ...  Read More »

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سرحْتُ

 [تنشر هذه المادة ضمن ملف " الموجة الجديدة في الشعر السوري  ( أثر الحرب )" انقر/يهنا لمواد الملف الكاملة]             وكانَ أن دُسْتُ بطرَفِ شرودي.. على جَمْعٍ من الحبق.. وتبسّمَ العطرُ المدهوشُ  في أوانِ الحلمِ ...  Read More »

Syrian Population Regression

Population: ~ 22.5 Million

2011:  5,800+ (killed)

2012:  60,000+ (killed) and 500,000+ (external refugees)

2013:  100,000+ (killed), 2,000,000+ (external refugees), and 8 million+ displaced

 

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Syria Map and Stats

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Population: 22,517,750
GDP: $107.4 billion 
Unemployment: 8.3%; Youth Employment (ages 15-24): 19.1%
Internet Users: 4.469 million 
Exchange Rate: ~ 98.00 Syrian pounds per US dollar
GDP Growth Rate: 3.2% 
Military Expenditures: 5.9% of GDP (World Rank: 10)
Health Expenditures: 2.9% of GDP (World Rank: 180)
Population Growth Rate: 0.913% 
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 35.2%; 15-64 years: 61%; 65 years and over: 3.8%
Literacy: 79.6%
Religious Demographics: Sunni Muslim 74%; other Muslim (includes Alawite, Druze) 16%; Christian (various denominations) 10%
Ethnic Demographics: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%

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